Recent Articles

How do I get my students to prepare before coming to a flipped class?

In 2 wildly popular blog posts 1 and 2 on the flipped classroom, “notable advocates of the flipped classroom” clarify what is meant by the term. They include Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams, who are credited with developing the most prevalent implementation of the flip. In the first post, the 8 advocates write: “In most Flipped Classrooms, […]

Flipping your colleagues’ classrooms

You’re convinced, Peer Instruction works better than lecture. Now, how can you convince your colleagues of the benefits of moving lecture out and learning in to our classrooms? Madeline, a Peer Instruction Network member (PINm) who teaches science at Queensland University of Technology in Australia, warns, “Don’t expect to convince people easily.” Indeed, educational reformers […]

Can you flip large classes?

  The first time I witnessed a flipped classroom with Peer Instruction live was in 2008, in New York, in a two-level lecture hall with a balcony, complete with over 500 students filling the seats. I dutifully jotted down in my researcher field notes: “9:05 AM – all students seem to be playing around with […]

Show me the histogram!: Best practices in Peer Instruction

Late on a Friday afternoon, I stood in front of 30 exhausted graduate students in a social science course I teach at Teachers College, Columbia University. Knowing that I had the perfect thing to perk them up, I excitedly informed them it was “time for a clicker question!” As they ruffled through their book bags […]

To vote or not to vote: Best practices in Peer Instruction

Peer Instruction Network member Dr. Cassandre Alvarado’s graduate classroom at the University of Texas at Austin is so quiet, you could hear a pin drop. Her 18 students are sitting around a large oval table, silently staring  at the front of the classroom, but not because they are listening to her lecture. Dr. Alvarado is implementing Peer […]

Peer Instruction 101: What is Peer Instruction?

(Read this post in Portuguese) Turns out people from all over the world have some common questions about Peer Instruction. Let’s start with the most basic of all–as Brian from Ireland, Raquel from the Dominican Republic, and Daniel from Bakersfield California recently asked, “What is Peer Instruction?” Peer Instruction is a research-based, interactive teaching method […]

Ways to Interact with Other Peer Instruction Users

Peer Instruction Network The global community for potential and current users of Peer Instruction. On, we are registering members to be part of the network. In the near future, we will launch site features which allow you to network with other members in their cities, disciplines, universities, and more. Turn to Your Neighbor: The […]

How to use Peer Instruction to Flip your Classroom

Peer Instruction: A research-based method for flipping your classroom. While “flipping the classroom” may seem like a recent phenomenon, Peer Instruction, developed in the early 1990s, has always elevated that core educational site to a place where much more than information delivery transpires. Backed by more than 20 years of research, PI transforms classrooms from […]

Student Resistance to Flipped Classrooms

“We want lecture!” Faculty who try out  flipped classroom techniques will undoubtably face this response from students.  In February 2012, conversation on education list-serves about student resistance was stimulated in response to a Chronicle article titled, “How ‘Flipping’ the Classroom Can Improve the Traditional Lecture”. One reason students resist flipped class methods, including those which use Peer Instruction (PI), […]

How to find ConcepTests or clicker questions

A common question about Peer Instruction is, where can you find ConcepTests for your discipline? There are a number of databases for ConcepTest (interactive questions) on the web. You can find hundreds of ConcepTests at, for example. When Eric and I are searching for ConcepTests in a particular discipline, we use the following search: […]

Peer Instruction in the Social Sciences

Bob at University of Luxembourg posted a fantastic question on relevant to the social sciences. He asks, “How do you develop ConcepTests for knowledge domains where it’s less obvious what are the established theories, facts and opinions?” First, for those of you who do not know, ConcepTests are short conceptual questions used in Peer Instruction. Once […]